Blueberry - Vaccinium

How do I care for my Vaccinium?
Blueberry shrubs are very easy to grow. By growing it in the correct semi-shade location, and by pruning it correctly, you can optimise its fruit production. A young shrub needs less pruning than a three year old shrub. Between March and May you can fertilize it with organic fertilizer; be sure to avoid calcium rich fertilizers. 

When does this shrub produce its berries?
In the spring this shrub produces lovely white/ping blossoms. In the summer, these develop into the blueberries. The beautiful large purple berries can be used for jam, drinks, ice-cream etc. They are also delicious eaten straight from the bush!
What is the best location for a Blueberry bush?
A Vaccinium is a forest plant that thrives best in semi-shade. It is best to plant it in humus rich, slightly acid soil.
Is the Blueberry suitable as a cut flower?
The Blueberry is not suitable for use as a cut flower. You can pick its fruits as small bunches. Pruning complete branches will negatively affect fruit production. 

Can I prune the Vaccinium?
It needs little pruning in its first year. After that, correct pruning prevents the shrub from becoming too dense and its berries from being too small. Total production per plant is often slightly less after pruning. You can prune the Blueberry in early spring. You can also remove the old (6-year-old) fruit branches at that time.

Where does this shrub come from?
Blueberries are native to the Netherlands, but also originate in North America. 
  • Winter hardiness:
    Good

  • Soil type:
    Humus rich, slightly acid

  • Moisture levels:
    Slightly damp

  • Location:
    Sun/semi-shade

  • Height:
    To 80 cm

  • Evergreen or deciduous:
    Evergreen

  • Pruning:
    In February-March (minimal pruning in the first years)

  • Fertilizing:
    Organic fertilizer between March and May

  • Flower:
    White/pink flowers

  • Fruit:
    Blue/purple, large berries

  • Flowering period:
    April-May

  • Harvest:
    Around June

  • Trivia:
    Birds also love the berries. Beat them to it or use a net to cover the shrub for instance.

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