Helleborus Argutifolius

How do I care for this Helleborus?
Helleborus is an easy-care compact plant. It can grow to a height of 60 centimetres. This type of Helleborus stands out because of its shiny spiny leaves and hanging green/yellow flowers. Because it naturally grows in humus rich (slightly calciferous) soil, it is best if you use this type of fertilizer. This Helleborus will benefit most from feeding when you do it in the autumn before it flowers. If you want to plant this variety in open ground, it is best to add some humus rich potting mix to its soil in your garden.
What is the best location for Helleborus?
The Helleborus is native to forest covered mountain areas. Because it is a relatively small plant, it gets little summer sun in those locations while all of the larger plants and trees around it are in full leaf. During the autumn, when they all lose their leaves, this winter flowering plant gets sun/semi-shade. Fallen leaves offer direct protection and nutrients; so it is fine to leave these on the ground! You can copy the natural habitat of the Helleborus quite easily in your own garden. Make sure that the soil is not too acidic and well-draining. Helleborus Argutifolius will not grow well in soil that is too wet.
Where does this Helleborus come from?
Helleborus Argutifolius originally comes from the Mediterranean islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Cyprus. This plant grows especially in their mountainous regions. Winters can be very cold up there. It can therefore grow well in our climate in the Netherlands as well.

When does the Helleborus flower?
The Helleborus Argutifolius starts coming into bloom in around February and it flowers through to about April. Because the Helleborus flowers in the Winter and in early spring, it is a most attractive plant for bees that are waking from their winter sleep. It is truly a bee attracting plant! The Helleborus belongs to the perennials. This is remarkable, because unlike most perennials, this winter flowering plant stays beautifully green in the winter. They are even at their beautiful best during that time!

Can I prune this Helleborus?
Generally speaking, there is no need to prune your Helleborus. Because Helleborus is evergreen, its older leaves will often become less fresh looking or quite large. You can just cut these leaves away to let new fresh leaves develop. It is best to do this before it flowers anyway to let its flowers reach their maximum beauty. Because its flowers develop from the base of the plant, you can trim back the Argutifolius a little. You can cut the flower stems back to the ground to keep this Helleborus green and fresh.
Is this Helleborus suitable as cut flower?
The Argutifolius can definitely be used as cut flower. It has many flowers at the end of its strong stems. The leaf at the base of these stems is easy to remove. The Argutifolius works well as part of natural floral arrangements. These flowers are a little less striking than those of the Helleborus Niger or Orientalis.
  • Winter hardiness:
    Good

  • Soil type:
    Humus rich, slightly calcareous and well-draining

  • Moisture levels:
    Normal, not too wet

  • Locations:
    Semi-shade

  • Height:
    To 60 cm

  • Evergreen or deciduous:
    Evergreen

  • Pruning:
    Cut off old or diseased leaves and after flowering, cut back dead stems down to the ground

  • Fertilizing:
    In spring or autumn, use calcium and/or humus

  • Flower:
    A hanging green flower that forms the seeds for the Helleborus to spread

  • Flowering period:
    February-April

  • Trivia:
    Helleborus Argutifolius originally comes from the Mediterranean islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Cyprus. Winters can be very cold up especially in its mountainous areas where this Helleborus grows.

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